TMJ or Temporomandibular Joints are the facial joints that connect the lower jaw to the skull. The TMJ is present on either side of the face and can be located in front of the ears. They are responsible for all movements of the jaws, such as biting, chewing, talking, laughing, yawning, etc.
What is TMD?
TMD stands for Temporomandibular Joint Disorder and is an inflammatory condition of the TMJ. It is caused when the TMJs are stressed due to repetitive movement of the jaws and when the surrounding muscles remain in a stressed state for a long time. Due to this, the movement of the jaws become strained and painful, thereby affecting your everyday activities.
What are the symptoms of TMD?
- Extreme difficulty in moving the jaw, especially while consuming food
- Pain near the muscles of the TMJ
- Limited movement of the lower jaw
- Popping or clicking sound when you move the jaw
- Persistent headaches, especially soon after waking up in the morning
- Swelling near the TMJ